- Beginning in 1968, KGB Chair Yuri Andropov authorized the use of illegals to check on developments in Soviet East European satellites. Prior to 1968, illegals had been used in Eastern Europe only to recruit Westerners. The Progress Operations called for illegals under cover as Western business people and journalists to travel to Prague to gather information about Czech dissidents. They were also expected to generate active measures that would discredit liberal Czech reformers and create reasons for Soviet intervention. Illegals staged anti-Soviet demonstrations, which were reported in the Soviet press. Illegals were deployed after Soviet intervention in August 1968 as a check on diplomatic and party reporting of developments.See also Prague crisis.
Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence. Robert W. Pringle. 2014.
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